24 Sep 2017
3 min read
Financial crimes: mostly involve white-collar crimes like corporate fraud, insider trading, bank fraud, credit-card fraud, tax evasion cases, insurance fraud, and so on. The CIB officers and experts working the financial-crime beat first have to undergo rigorous formal training so that they can handle the oftentimes intricate nature of financial crimes; these personnel are constantly updated about rapidly changing crime trends and about the technology the criminals of today use. Heinous crimes: include drug trafficking, murder, rape, kidnapping and extortion, among other atrocities. CIB officers, who are usually the first responders to heinous-crime scenes, are armed with extensive knowledge that help them quickly process the crime scene and accelerate the rate at which the crime can be resolved. These officers are provided with checklists to help ensure that all the basic investigative procedures are carried out properly.
"However, the checklists are only meant as pointers; they are not a substitute for critical thinking. The success of heinous-crime investigations is largely determined by the aptitude of the investigator," says DIGP Puskar Karki. To tackle cases of wildlife crime, another area of the CIB's focus, the CIB officers need to work as if they were working on a drug-trafficking case, as such cases involve the illegal export and import of wildlife. Usually, the officers follow the money trail: instead of merely focusing on the lower-rung criminals, the officers 'follow the money' to get to the kingpins who finance such operations; the officers will study money-laundering fronts and chains and investigate the kingpins' finances; for example, they will seize the bank accounts of criminals and follow the money-flow to figure out the extent and reach of the criminal networks.
Fugitive criminals comprise people on the run who had earlier been charged with a violation of the law, and either were not arrested, or had been released on bail. One of the most effective tools in tracking such fugitives is the Red Notice. The notice informs the police organisations in all member countries of the International Police Organization (INTERPOL) that a criminal is on the loose and that the police can make a provisional arrest of the wanted person--with the aim of extraditing them after their apprehension. Red Notices contain identification details and judicial information about the wanted person. The INTERPOL provides assistance to member countries to locate and arrest fugitives who cross international boundaries. Crimes against women and children pertain to sexual trafficking, gang rape, trafficking of minors outside Nepal for hazardous work, fraudulent marriages, and so on. The CIB deploys a substantial number of female police officers to combat crimes related to women and children. Cybercrime is becoming increasingly high-tech and complex. Today, cybercrime isn't just restricted to online bullying; it includes specialised cybercrime mafias taking down huge businesses. As a result, extra police resources have been deployed to take on cybercrime, including a cybercrime investigation team under the CIB.
For part II, click here.
For part III, click here.